Anaheim (Anaheim [ˈænēhaɪm]) is a city in California, USA. Located in Oringj district, 45 kilometers south of Los Angeles.
|33°50'10″ pp. 117°53'23″ h.d.|
|History and geography|
|Center Height||48 m|
|Time zone||UTC-8:00, summer UTC-7:00|
|Population||352,005 people (2018)|
|Agglomeration||Greater Los Angeles|
|Phone code||+1 714|
|Postal Indexes||92801-92809, 92812, 92814-92817, 92825, 92850, 92899|
|GNIS||1652663 and 2409704|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
The city's population is 352,005 (2018), the first in Orynge County, 10th in California, and 55th in the United States. Anaheim in Orange County is the second largest city in the area after Irvine.
The city is famous for its amusement parks, sports teams and conference centers.
Foundation of the city
Anaheim was founded in 1857 by fifty German immigrants living in San Francisco, whose families came from Franconia, the historical region that was largely part of Bavaria. After a trip to California to find suitable grape-growing land, the group decided to purchase 1,165 acres (4.71 km2) of $2 per acre from Juan Pacifiko Ontiveros from his large ranch Rancho San Juan C ajon de Santa Ana on the Santa Ana River (territory of the modern Orange district).
Their new settlement was named Annaheim, which means "home on the (Santa)Ana River" (Ana, the Spanish version of Anna, heim, the German "house"). The name was later changed to Anaheim. The Spanish-speaking neighbors were known as Campo Alemán. German Field). Settlers at $750 per share formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company
Although grapes and winemaking were their main target, most of the fifty settlers were mechanics, carpenters, and artisans who had no experience in winemaking. The community provided 40 acres for the center of the town, and the first building built there was a school. The first house in Anaheim was built in 1857, the Anaheim Gazette was established in 1870, and the first hotel was built in 1871. For 25 years, the area has been California's largest wine producer. However, in 1884, the vineyards were infected and by the following year all the fishing was destroyed. Other crops, such as walnuts, lemons and oranges, soon replaced, and the supply of fruits and vegetables began to make a good profit when the Los Angeles region (from which the Orange district later emerged) was connected to the mainland rail network in 1887. .
One of the founding fathers of the city was the son of Dr. Amadeus Langenberger, a well-known doctor surgeon in Germany. August Langenberger, born in 1824 in Stadthagen). He had four languages and used them successfully in commerce. He emigrated to New Orleans at the other end of the United States in 1846, and in California he was fascinated by the local Golden Fever two years later. Two years of gold search brought him only limited success, and he switched to trading all kinds of goods in San Gabriela, where he met the daughter of the ranch owner on Santa Ana Juan Pacifiko Ontiveros, Maria Petray Ontiveros, and married her in 1850 . After two years, the family moves to her father's ranch, and August becomes one of the most prominent livestock herders in the area, supplying cattle every year to the San Francisco fair. The couple had 7 children in 1850-early 1860s. 1857 August played a significant role in selecting a specific part of the Los Angeles vineyards ranch to create the Anaheim colony.He saw the opportunity to start trading first in the new settlement and built a two-story house on the first floor of which he settled with his family, and on the first opened a universal shop and a branch of the transport company Wells Fargo & Co ., authorized him in 1860 to send and receive goods and mail.. He was the director and president of the water company Anaheim Union Water Co. and was elected to the County Board of Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, where he served in 1868-1869.
Renowned Polish actress Helena Mojevska settled in Anaheim with her husband and friends from Poland, representatives of the creative intelligentsia, who survived the unfreedom of their native country, divided by the European powers — Prussia, Austria-Hungary and Russia. Among the Polish immigrants were: writer Genrik Senkevich, Julian Sipnevsky and Lucian Papotsky. While living in Anaheim, Helena Mojevska (her family name in America was simplified to Modjeska) made friends with Clementina Langenberger, second wife of August Langenberger , which he fell in love with after the death of his first wife in 1867, when Clementina was the wife of August's neighbor, the vineyard Theodor Schmidt. Two streets got a name for these women: Helen Street and Clementine Street are next to each other, as a symbol of the strong friendship that bound Helene Mojesku and Clementina Langenberger. Modjeska Park in West Anaheim is also named after an actress. Schmidt saw the project name "Klementina Street" on the Langenberger's plan for the intersection of Tract Langenberg, and, considering his neighbor's love for his wife to be mutual, gave her his possessions, gave them a power of attorney to Langenberger and left cities.
First half of the twentieth century
In the first half of the 20th century, before Disneyland's opening, Anaheim was a large village full of orange groves. It was home to their owners, who were growing oranges. One of the landowners was a man named Bennett Rayn Baxter. He owned many lands in northeast Anaheim, where Angel Stadium is located today). He came up with many ideas for watering orange-based plants and shared them with other landowners. Ben Baxter and other landlords helped make Anaheim a thriving rural settlement before Disneyland permanently changed the landscape. Today, the Edison Park is surrounded by a street named after him Baxter Street.
In 1924, the members of the Ku Klux Klan were elected to the Anaheim City Council on the platform of political reform. Until then, the city was under the control of a long-time business and a civilian elite made up largely of Germans. Given their tradition of moderate secular drinking, the American Germans did not strongly support Dry Law in the US. The mayor himself was the former owner of a drinking house. Led by Pastor of the First Christian Church, the clan was an increasingly influential group of non-German politically-oriented people who accused the elite of corruption, non-democracy, and self-interest. The Ku Klux Klan people sought to create a model, orderly local community in which the alcohol ban would be strictly enforced. At the time, the Klan in Orange District had about 1,200 members. A comparison of the economic and professional structure showed that the two groups, the clan's supporters and opponents, were similar and roughly equally well off. Members of the clan were Protestants, like most of their opponents, but the clan's opposition also included many Catholic Germans. Members of the clan showed faster voting speeds and civic engagement than their opponents before joining, and many of the district's clan-affiliated residents did so out of a sense of civic engagement. After easily winning local elections in April 1924, the Klan's representatives immediately fired city officials known as Catholics and replaced them with the Klan's appointees. The new city council tried to enforce the dry law. After Klan's victory, his capitulus held mass rallies and initiation ceremonies throughout the summer.
Opponents of the CCP's influence on Anaheim's politics organized, bribed a member of the Clan, obtained a secret list of the clan's members, uncovered the members of the Clan who had participated in the state-level preliminary elections, and won most of the candidates. The clan's opponents regained control of local self-government in 1925, and managed to recall the clan's members elected in April 1924 in an extraordinary election. Klan's cell in Anaheim quickly collapsed, his newspaper closed after losing a defamation lawsuit, and the preacher who headed the cell moved to Kansas.
Anaheim is about 40 km southeast of Los Angeles.
According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 131.91 km², of which 130.33 km² is land and 1.55 km² (1.18 %) water. From the north borders the city of Fullerton.
Anaheim's largest and most important industry is tourism. Anaheim Convention Center is home to many national conferences, and The Walt Disney Company is the largest city businessman.
The Anaheim Canyon Business Park is 63% of Anaheim's industrial area and is the largest industrial area in the Oringj district. Anaheim Canyon is also the second largest business park in the Oringj district. The business park is owned by 2,600 enterprises with more than 55,000 employees.
Some well-known companies that have corporate offices and/or headquarters in Anaheim:
- General Dynamics
- Isuzu — North American headquarters
- ZyXEL is a manufacturer of routers, communicators and other network products
The 2010 U.S. census put the population of Anaheim at 336,265. The average population density was 2,555.2 people per square kilometer.
Anaheim race: 52.7% white, 14.8% Asian, 2.8% black, 0.8% Native American, 0.5% Hawaiian or Okeanis, 24% other races, 4.4% descendants of two or more races.
The city had 104237 housing units, the density of housing 792.1 per km². 48.5% of the housing was occupied by owners (47.8% of the population lived in their own houses) and 51.5% lived in rented housing (51.5% of the population lived in rented housing).
As of 2000, according to the census, the median income per household in the city was $47,122, the income per family $49,969. Men have an average income of $33,870 and women have an income of $28,837. Average per capita income is $18,266. 10.4% of households or 14.1% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 18.9% of young people under 18 and 7.5% of adults over 65.
As of May 2006, Anaheim is served by eight districts of public schools:
- Anaheim City School District
- Anaheim Union High School District
- Centralia School District
- Magnolia School District
- North Orange County Community College District
- Orange Unified School District
- Placentia-Yorba Unified School District
- Savanna School District
Anaheim is also home to 84 public schools:
- Elementary 46
- Junior High 9
- High School 14
- Alternative Education 6
Private schools include: Acaciawood Preparatory Academy, Cornelia Connelly High School, Fairmont Preparatory Academy and Servite Hight School.
The city has two private universities: Anaheim University and the Southern California Institute of Technology.
Anaheim has eight branches of public libraries.
- Anaheim Convention Center is the largest conference center on the west coast
- Angel Stadium of Anaheim
- Honda Center
- Anaheim Dax National Hockey League team (Stanley Cup 2007 winner)
- Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2002 World Series Champions)
- Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
- Mito, Japan
- Orlando, FL, USA
- ↑ When calculating population density, only the land area of the city was 130.33 km².
- ↑ United States of America. General geographic map (scale 1:6 000 000). — M.: FSUE "Cartography Production Cartographic Association", 2005
- ↑ 1 2 3 Samuel Armor. History of Orange County, California: With Biographical Sketches of the Leading Men and Women of the County who Have Been Identified with Its Earliest Growth and Development from the Early Days to the Present. — Historic Record Company, 1921, 862 p.
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 678 August Frederick Langenberger | Anaheim, CA - Official Website (English). www.anaheim.net. Case date: August 15, 2017.
- ↑ Amerykańskie podróże Heleny Modrzejewskiej (Poland). Culture Avenue (12 October 2016). Case date: March 7, 2019.
- ↑ City of Anaheim — A Brief History of Modern Day Anaheim. (English). Archived September 27, 2011.
- ↑ City of Anaheim - Modjeska Park Picnic Shelter. (English). Archived March 6, 2012.
- ↑ City of Anaheim — Parks Division. (English)
- ↑ Christopher N. Cocoltchos, "The Invisible Empire and the Search for the Orderly Community: The Ku Klux Klan in Anaheim, California", in Shawn Lay, ed. The invisible empire in the West (2004), pp. 97-120
- ↑ Christopher N. Cocoltchos, "The Invisible Empire and the Search for the Orderly Community: The Ku Klux Klan in Anaheim, California", in Shawn Lay, ed. The invisible empire in the West (2004), pp. 97-120.
- ↑ http://www.allbusiness.com/operations/shipping-rail-shipping/927405-1.html
- ↑ Boeing to Close Historic Anaheim Facility — Los Angeles Times.
- ↑ http://www.allbusiness.com/north-america/united-states-california-metro-areas/1014428-1.html (Unavailable link)
- ↑ Create an Account | Orange County Business Journal
- ↑ Seagate to Move Disk Plant to Anaheim - Los Angeles Times.
- ↑ City of Anaheim — School Districts Educating the Youth in the City of Anaheim. (English). Archived April 26, 2006.
- City of Anaheim, California — Official Website of the city